On the Extraordinary Importance of Complexity

Of all physical quantities, energy is probably the most important. Energy expresses the capacity of a body or a system to perform work. Nature works by using energy to transform matter. This is done via processes (physical, chemical, etc.). However, in order to realize these processes it is necessary to have information. Energy on its…

Ryanair, a Fragile Complex Giant.

The laws of systemantics are said to be pseudo-science. Fair enough. A few of these laws are listed below. They apply to highly complex systems. Think of these laws and then think of the EU, the Euro or, most recently, Ryanair.   Le Chatelier’s Principle: Complex systems tend to oppose their own proper function. As systems grow…

Stop Pretending that an Economy Can Be Controlled

We reproduce verbatim a very interesting article by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General. All our blogs are original, with very minor exceptions. This is one of those exceptions. An exceptional article: “The recent financial crisis exposed some serious flaws in our economic thinking. It has highlighted the need to look at economic policy with more critical,…

Autonomous Driving. Are we Ready?

In highly complex systems malfunctioning or even bad design may remain invisible for a long time. In highly complex systems the crucial variables are often discovered by accident. Highly complex systems cannot be designed without taking complexity into account. Sounds obvious but today, in engineering design complexity is not considered as an attribute of a…