Autonomous Driving. Are we Ready?

In highly complex systems malfunctioning or even bad design may remain invisible for a long time. In highly complex systems the crucial variables are often discovered by accident. Highly complex systems cannot be designed without taking complexity into account. Sounds obvious but today, in engineering design complexity is not considered as an attribute of a…

What is Critical Complexity?

Knowledge is an organized and dynamic set of interdependent rules. An example of a rule: “if UNEMPLOYMENT increases then NEW HOUSE CONSTRUCTION decreases”. This is an example of a fuzzy rule – no numbers just a global trend. Rules can be more or less fuzzy (or crisp) depending on how many experiments (data samples) they are…

Is it Progress if a Cannibal Uses Knife and Fork?

The North American XB-70 Valkyrie was a (beautiful!) tri-sonic bomber developed in the early sixties. It was, even by today’s standards, an exceptionally sophisticated and advanced machine. What strikes is the short time it took to develop and build – we intentionally omit the information here since, by today’s standards it would make many people…

Is a Global Post-Critical Society Possible?

  Every dynamical system possesses a characteristic value of complexity which reflects how information is organized and how it flows within its structure. Like most things in life, complexity is limited. In fact, there is an upper bound on complexity that a given system may attain and sustain with a given structure. This ‘physiological’ limit…